"With pop hits provin' unlikely, Captain Beefheart retreated to a cabin to shout at his band for months on end. The result was Trout Mask Replica."
I may be hungry, but I sure ain't weird...
Captain Beefheart was the stage name of American avant-garde musician and painter Don Van Vliet (1941-2010, born Don Glen Vliet); a friend, collaborator, and sometime-rival, of contemporary Frank Zappa, who he'd known since high school. As the leader of Captain Beefheart and His Magic Band, a band with a constantly shifting membership, he released a dozen albums to highly varied critical review; with Trout Mask Replica often considered his magnum opus. His highly mutable style incorporated elements of Blues, Psychedelic Rock, Jazz, Rock and Roll, and experimental compositions.
Though never achieving the commercial success enjoyed by Zappa, despite their musical similarities, Van Vliet is considered to be highly influential across many genres, with numerous musicians citing him as a major influence — some examples being punk rock pioneers Sex Pistols and The Clash, Tom Waits (whose career can be easily separated into pre- and post-introduction to Beefheart), Sonic Youth, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, PJ Harvey, The White Stripes and Joan Osborne. He's also well-known for the mythology he created around his band and persona; with most of his comments to the media deliberately bearing little connection to the truth, or often reality in general.
- Blues The genre in which Beefheart started off.
- Creator Thumbprint: Vliet was said to have enjoyed candy a lot, which led to the writing of "Abba Zabba" and "Kandy Korn".
- Faux Symbolism: Whether this is intentional or not depends on who was was giving the particular explanation of the "symbolism", and when (Van Vliet tended to change his stories practically every time he was interviewed).
- Genre Busting: Trout Mask Replica pretty much redefined the limitations of rock music.
- Harsh Vocals: He cultivated this as his primary vocal style. Nowhere near his normal voice.
- Early in his career his voice was based on Howling Wolf, but by the time of Doc At The Radar Station and Ice Cream For Crow, he had fully switched to screeching his vocals rather than singing them. This was a result of both heavy smoking and his developing illness (Multiple Sclerosis, which would eventually kill him). His last recordings, poetry readings from the 90s and early 2000s, are painful listening as his voice just got worse .
- I Am the Band: Van Vliet was pretty much the only permanent member of the band. The duration of membership for the rest of the band depended on how much tolerance they had for his abuse.
- Jerkass: Guitarist Bill Harkleroad (aka Zoot Horn Rollo) and drummer John French (aka Drumbo) have described the Captain as this, especially during the Trout Mask era. While Vliet did partake in composing the songs, it was usually left to the band to give whatever he wrote some sort of shape, after which they would spend days on end rehearsing while Vliet went off gallivanting. When the album was released, Vliet would take credit for arranging the music without acknowledging the output of the other members.
- As good as Trout Mask Replica and Lick My Decals Off, Baby were, it's better not to think about what he put his bandmates through during the recording sessions.
- He threw John French down a flight of stairs.
- Long Title: Van Vliet was fond of these; and has at least one or two on nearly every album. Some of the most notable are "I Wanna Find a Woman That'll Hold My Big Toe Till I Have to Go", "My Head Is My Only House Unless It Rains", "A Carrot Is as Close as a Rabbit Gets to a Diamond", and "Making Love to a Vampire with a Monkey on My Knee".
- Man of a Thousand Voices: He had a five-octave pitch range. That's wider than your standard French horn.
- Mind Screw
- Multiple Choice Past / Shrouded in Myth: He would tell a lot of lies about himself and his life to the press, so nobody's really sure about his real life.
- Neoclassical Punk Zydeco Rockabilly
- Reclusive Artist: He became practically the epitome of this trope after he quit music to focus on painting. His failing health did not help.
- Something Blues: "Dachau Blues" and "My Human Gets Me Blues" on Trout Mask Replica, and "The Smithsonian Institute Blues" on Lick My Decals Off, Baby
- Spell My Name with a "The": He nicknamed one of his bandmates "The Mascara Snake."
- Stage Names: Not only for himself, but he also created bizarre stage names for many of his band members, including Zoot Horn Rollo, Winged Eel Fingerling, Drumbo, and Antennae Jimmy Semens.
- Take That: "Beatle Bones N' Smokin' Stones" was said to have been written in reaction to The Beatles' "Strawberry Fields Forever" and "A Day In The Life".
- The kicker? The Beatles liked his music! They even planned to sign him to their Zapple label before Allen Klein shut it down.
- Train Station Goodbye: "Click Clack"
- Trains show up with some frequency in his work — "Bat Chain Puller" is another song on the same subject.
- What Do You Mean It Wasn't Made on Drugs?: Subverted. Van Vliet claimed this as part of his Beefheart persona; but his claim has been refuted by former band members.
- Word Salad Lyrics: With the exception of two "commercial" albums (which he later disowned), his music practically runs on this trope.
- Which may or may not explain why he wasn't impressed when the Beatles got into their psychedelic period — he'd been writing lyrics like that since the beginning of his career.