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A common plot for a Very Special Episode: A character, typically a friend or acquaintance of The Hero, is revealed to be illiterate by some odd quirk of behavior. This is typically a shameful secret to them; the episode typically ends with their beginning to study, and the issue is never mentioned again.
This plot lends itself to mysteries because of the suspicious behavior used to cover-up illiteracy and the opportunity for a character to be cleared of crime because the crime depended upon being literate.
This trope has started to invite parody, and is probably on its way to becoming a Discredited Trope in relatively wealthy societies because it's impossible to function without being functionally literate. Even if you can't read well, you have to read a little to get by. If it's still played straight, the character will probably be dyslexic, with the Aesop being that this is nothing to be ashamed of. Characters are also occasionally revealed to be unable to read English (or whatever other language is most commonly used where they are living) due to being recent immigrants.
Anime and Manga
- Parodied in one episode of Samurai Champloo where Mugen is revealed to be illiterate because of his habit of always ordering the same thing as his companions Fuu and Jin. A Mr. T (at least in the Dub) parody acts as a Drill Sergeant Nasty and teaches him to read, and at the end of the episode, Mugen uses his newly acquired skills as a Graffiti artist as well as tagging his name on his companions' clothing... and possessions... and pet. Incidentally, using this trope is a good example of the Anachronism Stew of the series. It makes perfect sense that Mugen, a nineteen-year-old Ryukyuan who has been a criminal his entire life, cannot read, while Jin and Fuu, both from the Samurai class can. It's probably anachronistic that they would even be surprised that Mugen was illiterate.
- Played with in Pokémon Special. It is revealed that Wild Child Sapphire is barely literate when she has to pass a written test for the chance to battle Roxanne, and of course, said Gym Leader mocked her and lectured her on the importance of reading. Sapphire's illiteracy can easily be attributed to her lifestyle... but also due to her lifestyle, she's well versed in Pokemon ecology and biology, meaning that once she had someone read the questions for her, she ended up the first person ever to score a perfect mark on Roxanne's test.
- In Neon Genesis Evangelion, Asuka portrays the recent immigrant version. She's been failing tests at school, but when Shinji is having issues with a math problem and reads it out loud, she solves it easily in her head. When he expresses his shock that she's not getting better grades, she reveals that it is because she can't read the kanji in the tests.
- Like the aforementioned EVA example, Baka to Test to Shoukanjuu does this with But Not Too Foreign Minami Shimada, who is Japanese but lived in Germany until the events of the series, so her reading and writing comprehension of kanji is poor, to the point that she is landed in Class F with the other protagonists, and in the second season, we learn through a Whole-Episode Flashback that on her first day at Fumizuki Academy, she even accidentally wrote her name wrong. This handicap is used in the end of the episode for a truly stellar moment.
- Bizenghast: Edrear is shown to be illiterate. This is Played for Laughs when Edrear asks directions to a store called Jacys, and it is revealed to be directly behind him (and clearly labeled).
- Cassandra Cain, Batgirl II, was raised to be the perfect assassin by her father, who never even spoke in front of her, so she didn't know how to speak, much less to read. When she was taken in by the Batfamily, she spent her life as a crime-fighter. It was consistently depicted as a set-back, and eventually caused the rift between Oracle and her, after Oracle called her 'stupid' in the middle of a battle while Cassie was desperately trying to shut down a killer robot, hurting Cass deeply.
'Oracle: You're kidding--you still don't even know the damn alphabet?! All those hours you spend practicing martial arts and you can't spare the time to learn your #$%@ ABCs?! For God's sake, Cassie--how stupid can you be?!
- The Reader, there are hints throughout the first half, and then it's dramatically revealed that a character is illiterate... and it's a very important plot point that could rule the lives of several people. This is a highly warped version of the trope, as the illiterate character commits crimes against humanity during the Holocaust
- Not only that but said character originally worked at a Siemens at the beginning of the war until she was proposed for a promotion. It is hinted she didn't want to accept that promotion since then people would find out she was illiterate so she joins the SS instead. Furthermore, both in the movie and in the book, it is mentioned at her trial that she would ask people sentenced to be gassed to read to her. In the book, the protagonist theorizes it was the other way around: she would ask people to read to her and send them to their deaths so they wouldn't reveal her secret.
- Parodied in a scene subtitled "Oscar Scene" in Wayne's World, where Wayne finishes up a tearful lament with "And worst of all, I never learned to READ!" The fact that Kate Winslet won an Oscar for The Reader a decade later only makes the Oscar Bait joke even funnier.
- Played for Laughs in the second Harry Potter movie:
Malfoy: Why are you wearing glasses?
- "Hoke" in Driving Miss Daisy couldn't read, but he could somehow get a driver's license despite this fact. Since he was licensed in the 1940s, one presumes the requirements were different at the time.
- This is essentially the plot of Stanley and Iris, starring Robert de Niro as illiterate cook Stanley and Jane Fonda as the widowed Iris who teaches him to read.
- In Braveheart, Murron tells William Wallace that she never learned to read, something that wasn't abnormal in the Scottish highlands in the 13th century.
- In 50 First Dates, Henry uses this as a trick to get Lucy to talk to him on one of the many days he introduces himself to her in the diner. He splashes water on his eyes and acts like he's crying until she comes to see what's wrong. When he confesses that he can't read the menu, she spends all morning sitting with him "teaching" him. He blows it though when he doesn't ask her for a second date (because he knows she won't remember) and she gets furious and reveals that she knew the whole thing was a ploy and went along with it because she liked him.
- In Corky Romano.
- Davos Seaworth in A Song of Ice and Fire. Due to his lowly origins, the smuggler-turned-knight-turned Lord never learned how to read. It's his elevation to Hand of the King that prompts him to learn.
- Brutha from the Discworld novel Small Gods is illiterate and remains that way through the duration of the book. He more than makes up for it, however, with his incredible memory: he recalls literally everything he experiences with perfect clarity.
- Seeing as Brutha's the prophet of a religion, this is likely a reference to Muhammad who similarly achieved prominence and spread a religion, but only learned to read at the end of his life.
- And also played with in Brutha's case because at one point he's called upon to memorize the contents of an entire library so that it can be reproduced even if the library is destroyed by Omnian fundamentalists. This being the Discworld, the books start to "leak", he gains the information without having understood the words that he memorized.
- Garion in the Belgariad had his family deliberately keep him illiterate and socially isolated on a distant farm. This is because he's The Chosen One, and his coming and the great deeds he must perform were written down as prophecy ages go... and they don't want him reading or hearing about any spoilers. When he's already too far into his epic quest to back out then they finally allow one of his traveling companions (the one he's supposed to marry later, so they get lots of quality time together) to tutor him. The prequel, Belgarath the Sorcerer, gives another reason: one of his ancestors nearly threw Aloria into civil war after reading the prophecies and getting a swelled head, and they'd rather history not repeat itself. Or rather Polgara would rather it not. Belgarath thought it was a stupid idea(which it was), especially given unlike the one who messed up Garion did not know his heritage already, so there was no real worry.
- Also from David Eddings, Sephrenia is deliberately illiterate in the Elenium trilogy. This is her own choice, however; she speaks both the Elene and Styric languages fluently, though Styric is her native tongue. She doesn't want to learn to read the Elene language because she doesn't want to accidentally become confused in a situation where she needs to think and speak very quickly in Styric (the language in which one casts magic).
- The Verger by Somerset Maugham is about a man whose illiteracy bars him from promotions in the local church, so he looks for alternatives and by opening tobacco shops makes a fortune. The last line makes the story. Go on - read it.
- Aunt Sissy in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn never learned because her immigrant parents didn't realize they were supposed to send her to school until she was too old to start.
- A Judgement in Stone by Ruth Rendell is well-known for its opening line of "Eunice Parchman killed the Coverdale family because she could not read or write." Eunice, the family's maid, is obsessed with keeping her illiteracy a secret from everyone throughout the story, and the family's learning of it leads her to kill them all.
- Larten Crepsley in The Saga of Darren Shan. Considering his upbringing as a child laborer turned vampire's assistant, it's understandable.
- In the Horatio Alger, Jr. book Ragged Dick, young Dick realizes that his illiteracy will be an obstacle in his plan to lift himself by his bootstraps. He solves this by finding another orphan who was able to get some schooling before being kicked out on the streets, and allowing the boy to sublet his room in exchange for tutoring.
- Being literate is comparatively uncommon among most of the population of Redwall. Most of the Abbeydwellers learn enough of the basics to function, but most vermin and a few of the Long Patrollers don't really need to read.
- Jakub Wedrowycz's academic education is limited to three years of elementary Russian school, so he barely knows Latin alphabet (he never bothered to brush up on it in over 80 years).
- Eragon never learned to read (a fact that surprises Brom, since his uncle Garret was literate). Of course, it only takes a month of instruction for Eragon to be literate enough to gather information from government records, and only a few months after that for him to read philosophical discourse and write epic poetry (in a different language).
- A touchy subject for Todd in Chaos Walking. He never learned to read beyond a few words, and he can't even read his own mothers journal. Leads to a heartwarming moment wherein Viola reads out her journal for him.
- The aptly named Blood Knight Zsadist of J.R.Ward's The Black Dagger Brotherhood series is illiterate for well over a century until he fell in love with the aristocratic vampire Bella, and learned to read in order to be "worthy of courting" her. Before then, Zsadist made no effort to change his illiterate state, though there were hints it did bother him, since it not only inconvenienced him but also forced him to rely on others - mainly his twin, Phury - to accomplish simple tasks. Once he recognized his feelings for Bella, he worked relentlessly with his tutor, Mary, with all his hard work at last culminating in him writing, "I love you" to Bella in a squiggly, childlike handwriting.
- Denny Blood from Bad Girls, after her mother writes her a letter of apology for abandoning her and begs her to read it.
- Jimmy Hickock in The Young Riders is a perfect example of this trope and one episode is devoted to his shameful secret being discovered by the other Riders. It is referred to in passing in later episodes, though.
- In one episode of Hamish Macbeth, Hamish's friend TV John is revealed to be illiterate. Being a mystery series, his illiteracy was the impetus for suspicious behavior.
- The first Rumpole of the Bailey story has Rumpole proving that a confession was coerced because the defendant can't read or write, and thus couldn't have written it/known what he was signing.
- There was an episode of Head of the Class where the star basketball player couldn't read. The smart kids tried to get him to be passable enough to pass his SATs so he could get into a college program; then he decided to turn pro right after high school; then he came clean and said he'd take a year off to learn to read. And of course he never showed up again.
- There was an episode of British tv series Black Books where a character was going to turn up to the bookshop to do a reading of his autobiography. Said character is a mafioso type ex-con who can't read (the autobiography was ghostwritten by "the guy who wrote the Spice Girls book").
- Keith Miller from Eastenders.
- My So-Called Life, "Why Jordan Can't Read". Subverts the single episode aspect in that Jordan doesn't start his tutoring right away (plus he's already been held back at least a year), and the fact that it pervades his character throughout the rest of the series. And that he can write music.
- One Kate And Allie saw Kate trying to teach the building's handyman to read. When he rebels at children's books, she presents him with an adult romance novel, which he is instantly able to read.
- Family Matters: At least two instances:
- Eddie wants to enroll in a college where athletics is valued over academics, and plans to forsake his studies for a NBA-worthy basketball career. That is, until he meets a supermarket stockboy/bagboy who was a former college standout ... until suffering a career-ending injury, after which his illiteracy is exposed.
- 3J, the Cousin Oliver of Family Matters, was introduced in an episode where Urkel is his Big Brother (an episode paying homage to the organization).
- One of Wesley's new friends on Mr. Belvedere pays him to write his book reports, finally admitting that he never learned to read because his family moved around a lot. Wesley starts teaching him, but he starts going to remedial classes by the end of the episode.
- In an episode of The Drew Carey Show which spoofed cheap attempts to win an Emmy, Drew had to single-handedly discover a cure for Kate's terminal illness. The only problem is, he never learned to read.
- Used several times on Little House On the Prairie due to its being set in the 19th century (and to champion reading programs, because of continued illiteracy):
- In an early first-season episode, Laura was ashamed at how poorly she could write and pretended to recite a poem she'd written about her Ma, but her written words didn't match what she said. When Caroline found out, she turned this into a heartwarming moment between mother and daughter.
- Another first-season episode sees Caroline take a substitute teaching job at the school, and the children cruelly mock a teenager when he cannot intelligently answer the questions or read what was on the blackboard. Caroline calls off school for several days while she privately tutors the lad.
- Mr. Edwards gives two examples of this, then subverts it:
- In an early episode, he wants to date the lady who works at the post office, so he sends himself letters addressed to himself from a finctional woman. Because he can't read, the letters are blank.
- After he's married and adopts the woman's kids, he doesn't want his kids to know he can't read, though nearly everyone else, even Mary and Laura, knows.
- In later episodes, he presumably learns to read as if he'd never had a problem. He's seen reading all sorts of things, including a bedtime story to a monkey.
- In the fourth-season episode "Whisper Country," a secretly illiterate female preacher tries to run Mary out of her teaching job in a remote farming community. When the woman continually misquotes the Bible and gives completely incorrect teachings, Mary suspects the woman's secret and challenges her to show her the verse to back her claims. The woman, in a fit of rage, holds up her Bible (thinking it held a magical power that would kill Mary), but when the tactic failed, the woman admitted she could not read.
- Averted in the 1978 episode "Harriet's Happenings." In an episode where Mrs. Olesen helps her publishing cousin start a newspaper in Walnut Grove, the fountain of misinformation starts a gossip column. After Nellie loses a spelling bee contest to the son of German immigrants, Mrs. Olesen -- in a fit of ego and one-upmanship -- sarcastically congratulates the winner and reveals his parents are illiterate. True, the boy's folks could not read English ... but they were fluent in reading German, something Charles eventually exposes in the episode's climatic scene, where he denounces the newspaper as "yellow journalism".
- Similarly seen in another 19th century show, Dr. Quinn Medicine Woman, which found that several citizens of the town--Jake, Hank, Myra--couldn't read, though they all learned at some point in the show's run.
- Nog on Deep Space Nine doesn't learn to read until Jake, who's younger, teaches him. He manages to get into Starfleet Academy a few years later with only about two years of semi-formal schooling.
- In The Magnificent Seven TV series, one episode did this for tracker Vin Tanner.
- There was an episode of The Facts of Life where Tootie's boyfriend turns out to be illiterate.
- In an episode of Thirty Rock, Liz and Pete suspected that Tracy might be illiterate. He wasn't, but he played along to get out of work.
- Episode of The Cosby Show where the late Sammy Davis, Jr. played the grandfather of one of Cliff's patients. Claire tricked him into revealing his illiteracy. Later, he enrolled in classes so that he could read to his great-granddaughter.
- In Ocean Girl, the son of ORCA's head woman was revealed to be illiterate because he was dyslexic. Mike was a jerk who used his dyslexia to get out of things, until Neri helped him learn to read. Then he turned good.
- On Mama's Family, Mama and Iola get fed up with the crappy job their church lady president is doing and plan to impeach her...until Mama discovers that it's because she can't read.
- In an episode of Highway to Heaven, Jonathan (the angel) discovers a co-worker couldn't read when he sends the guy into a storeroom to get a box of pies. Of course, Jonathan should have also guessed the guy was an idiot because there were two boxes of pies, and the guy didn't open either to see what was inside. Instead, he left the storeroom and came up with some excuse for why he couldn't retrieve them.
- Another episode had Jonathan helping a young man who had been a star basketball player in high school, but his illiteracy was exposed when he became injured and he couldn't stay in college. He takes a job at an after-school program teaching basketball and the kids tell him about their reading teacher when he confesses that he can't read. She helps him learn to read and they begin dating.
- Matt Parkman in Heroes can't read due to his dyslexia, although this does not seem to hamper his detective skills at all. He sucks at Scrabble though.
- Seth from Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide is revealed to be illiterate when his girlfriend catches him giving sports tickets to nerds in exchange for them doing his homework, because he, well, can't. The episode ends with, you guessed it, Seth studying to learn how to read. Yay tropes.
- Salvatore, one of the contestants on the seventh season of Hell's Kitchen, revealed in one episode that he never learned to read. He was assigned to take the orders from the patrons, but because he couldn't read, he also couldn't write intelligibly. Ramsay started to tear the mickey out of him but was pulled up short when Salvatore revealed that after immigrating to America, he took a job to help support his family instead of going to school.
- Parodied in Will and Grace when Grace panics when her boyfriend Nathan is less excited about her birthday gift of a book than Karen's gift of a motorcycle. He solemnly informs her that he can't read, and she immediately softens and apologizes, to which he replies "I can read! You've seen me read!"
- Butch Lesbian "Walter" from German TV series Hinter Gittern - der Frauenknast (English: "Behind bars - The Women's Prison").
- Good Times: Unclear. In one of her criticisms of the series, Esther Rolle complained about over-emphasizing the character of J.J., whom Rolle (in a 1975 interview with Ebony magazine, contended was illiterate but yet was popular among audiences for his clownish antics. In actuality, it had never been explicitly mentioned whether or how well J.J. could read, although several episodes prior to 1977 revolved around his academic struggles.
- In an early episode of Saved by the Bell (back when it was still called Good Morning Miss Bliss), a bully is revealed to be illiterate, which is why he forced others to do his homework.
- On Charles in Charge one of Charles' friends is revealed to be illiterate when a fire breaks out and he can't read the instructions for a fire extinguisher.
- Charlie on It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia is on the fringe of this trope. When under pressure, he can scrawl out basic English, and seems to be able to read basic words, but when he writes for himself, it's a secret, illegible script.
- Also, a subversion. The Gang has no interest in helping Charlie learn how to read or write, and neither does he.
"Goddammit Charlie, your illiteracy has screwed us again!"
- Lex on The Tribe is an arrogant, tough, streetwise character... who never learned to read or write beyond a very low grade school level. The series implied several times that he had Dyslexia. It's a major source of insecurity for him, and he does try to improve his skills more than once.
- The titular Crankshaft.
- The Barbarian class of 3rd Edition Dungeons and Dragons has this trope as one of the quirks of the class. In order to be able to read and write, a barbarian must either spend two skill points on "Literacy" or take a level in another class. The reason for the illiteracy varies, such as whatever society he came from having an oral tradition or something similar, but the barbarian entering civilization will have a few problems.
- GURPS acknowledges that while this is more of a skill, it can be a serious advantage in low tech levels. Conversely, illiteracy is a serious disadvantage in high tech levels.
- Keeping the general populace illiterate is a control method implemented by the Coalition States in Rifts. Even high-ranking members of the military are not literate by default. The standard "Dead Boy" armor suit can read aloud written text to its wearer.
- In the stage version of Beauty and the Beast, it's revealed that the Beast only has rudimentary reading skills (at best) and is embarrassed by it. When a song from this version, "Human Again", was animated for the IMAX version of the original film (where it had been a Cut Song), this detail was included in a short dialogue scene.
- This sets off the main plot of Gutenburg: The Musical, as the town's inability to read helps spur Gutenburg to invent the printing press. Most notably, a woman's inability read accidentally kills her child (she mistakes jelly beans for medicine. It's that kind of musical).
- Nino from Fire Emblem 7, who learned to use magic tomes by watching Sonia and imitating her chants (something that gets her a lot of respect from fellow mage and potential love interest Erk). Her supports with Canas has him teaching her how to read.
- Sissel from Ghost Trick, which almost leads to some complications early on in the plot. Apparently, it's because of his Ghost Amnesia. Except it's not. He really Never Learned to Read, because he was a cat when he was still alive.
- Books in Yggdra Union can only be used by "the literate" (an in-game item condition), Nietzsche and Milanor are greyed out in selection. Guess what that meant?
- In Red Dead Redemption the main character John Marston's wife Abigail Marston admits that she's illiterate. At one point she suspects that her husband has received a love letter from another woman. Unable to read it herself she asks John to read it for her.
- In Dragon Age II, Hawke can make a gift of a book to Fenris, prompting him to admit that - thanks to his background as an escaped slave - he's never had the opportunity to learn how to read. Hawke can offer to teach him, if the player chooses.
- Player characters in Ancient Domains of Mystery may start the game illiterate, depending on the chosen class, race and Learning stat.
- In Kid Icarus: Uprising, Pit, upon seemingly falling to his doom claims to have never learned to read.
- In the opening chapter of Dragon Quest V, the hero is only 6 years old and can't read well. The few times he is able to read something, he has an older friend with him. This doesn't apply in later chapters, though, and you can go back and reread several signs you couldn't when you were young.
- Terinu is unable to read because his species was genetically uplifted to be a Slave Race, so their built dyslexia was considered a security measure. So far he's managed to hide the fact from his friends.
- Karate Bearscan't exactly read the menu either
- Due to her being a standard Barbarian Hero, Tiffany from Exiern never learned to read, but is more or less okay with it. It is Played for Laughs though when it comes to her choice of attire though. And Played for Drama when she doesn't realise a voiceless character is writing "Get help" which Tiffany interprets as "I have magic runes".
- Lelouche, Susaku and Kallen are unable to read in Code Ment, Played for Laughs. Though Lelouche has shown the ability to be able to write (it's Japanese, so he can't read kanji but can write hiragana or katakana (we're guessing)).
- Luffy from None Piece is unable to read the disclaimer in episode 3, Played for Laughs.
- In a Season 1 episode, Krusty the Clown on The Simpsons is cleared of a robbery in part because of his revealed illiteracy. In light of later information about him, it's kind of a Fridge Logic moment - Krusty is supposed to be the son of a Rabbi who was being molded for that career, so it's hard to believe he would be illiterate. In fairness, he did have a minimal reading level (and he is a drug addict), which makes this somewhat more realistic. In one of the DVD episode commentaries, the makers mention that they decided to leave out this character trait after a while, seeing as how it really did not make sense that Krusty could not read and yet do the things he does.
- In one episode, Homer befriends Alec Baldwin and Kim Basinger. They ask him not to tell anyone that they're in town, and he agrees as long as they keep his secret: he can't read. It's never mentioned again, and Baldwin lampshades it by pointing out that Homer just read the card on a gift basket, so this was probably a one-off joke (or an oblique reference to a scene from the movie Wayne's World in which Wayne tells a girl that he can't read so he can gain her sympathies).
- Parodied in the Christmas Episode featuring Funzo. Springfield Elementary was closed due to lack of funds. The kids put on a play for Mr. Burns showing that without the school, the kids would not be able to read and showed various disasters that could befall him if he didn't give the money. He refused to give them the money and Kid First Industries stepped in.
- Parodied in an early South Park where Officer Barbrady is unable to solve the mystery of the chicken-molesting menace because he can't read the clues. Barbrady eventually does learn to read, and discovers that the criminal is...a bookmobile driver, who has been committing these crimes as a Zany Scheme to get Barbrady to lean how to read. The next book he gives Barbrady is Atlas Shrugged, which causes Barbrady to swear off reading forever.
- It's fairly understandable that Broadway and Hudson in Gargoyles never learned to read, as they aren't human and come from a society where reading wasn't important. Hudson feels shame for it, but Broadway, in true "ignorance is bliss" style, brags that he has no need for literacy. Not only was their Very Special Episode done better than usual, but it actually does affect later episodes, when the two are seen practicing reading or struggling to read. In the last canon episode, Broadway's reading has improved enough that he's seen reading Shakespearean poetry to impress his girlfriend, Angela.
- There's also Hakon, again pretty understandable since he's from the early 11th century, too. On the other hand, he's glad of it, rather than neutral—it means the Magus's spellbook has no effect when he looks upon its pages!
- Mr. Kokoshka in Hey Arnold, he doesn't seem to mind, until he does and asks Arnold for help.
- Parodied in Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law. Harvey, a lawyer and able to read, goes to prison. Later he's shown learning to read a children's book and having a Golden Moment when he succeeds. Six months later we see him having the exact same moment, though this time reading Penthouse forum.
- Drawn Together has Foxxy Love taking and failing her Reading 101 test.
- Jem featured an episode where it was revealed Roxy was illiterate. She ends up beginning to learn to read at the end.
- An episode of Tiny Toon Adventures called "Why Dizzy Can't Read" revealed that Dizzy Devil was illiterate. Babs makes a reference to a certain episode of Facts of Life.
- There was an episode of Captain Planet where a villain tries to trick an illiterate worker into spraying poison instead of fertilizer by switching his bags, since he wouldn't be able to tell them apart. The worker was Too Dumb to Live, though. Earlier, he tries to drink a whole bottle of medicine. When his friend hurriedly warns him that's dangerous, he protests that he couldn't read the instructions, so how was he supposed to know he shouldn't have done that.
- In Static Shock, Rubberband Man, former Villain-turn-Ally had a Very Special Episode devoted to his dyslexia (and it's problems when he's trying to defuse a bomb). Since he had previously been shown to be a competent songwriter, he presumably just writes notes rather than lyrics
- A variation is seen in Metalocalypse, where it is revealed that neither Toki nor Skwisgaar can read music, which you'd think is a big deal when you play in the most popular band in the history of the world.
- Actually such a thing is quite possible. Most rock and other popular music performers don't use or need sheet music. They write music by jamming and learn by ear. It's not common as it used to be though. Many of the great Blues musicians of the '20s and '30s couldn't read at all, let alone read sheet music.
- Mr. Smarty Smarts from Spliced is illiterate, despite being an evil genius. He is later shown struggling to read a children's book. As with all things on Spliced, it's Played for Laughs.
- In an episode of The Raccoons Bert befriends a hermit who was about to be thrown out of his swamp home. He reveals to Bert that he cannot read, which is how he didn't know that the papers left by his father were property deeds, which make him the legal owner of the swamp.
- While the trope itself has becoming somewhat cliched, there are obviously people in real life for which this is true. Also worth considering are cases where someone is dyslexic, and thus has a situation where although they are attending school and being taught literacy, it eludes them until the condition is identified.
- That said, a shockingly high percent of people in the US are functionally illiterate. That is, they can read just barely enough to get by but anything more is beyond them.
- Lance Henriksen is one particularly famous example - he dropped out of school before sixth grade and was illiterate until the age of 30, when he started acting and taught himself to read his scripts.
- Unfortunate Implications aside, there was a widely successful Junior-Major league hockey coach in Quebec who revealed he was illiterate when he retired.